BORN: Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse
(1869-12-31)31 December 1869
Le Cateau-Cambrésis, Nord, France
DIED: 3 November 1954(1954-11-03) (aged 84)
Nice, Alpes-Martimes, France
EDUCATION: Académie Julian, William-Adolphe Bouguereau, Gustave Moreau
NOTABLE WORK: Woman with a Hat (1905)
The Joy of Life (1906)
Nu bleu (1907)
La Danse (1909)
L’Atelier Rouge (1911)
MOVEMENT: Fauvism, Modernism, Post-Impressionism
I do not literally paint that table, but the emotion it produces upon me.
Exactitude is not truth.
Cutting into color reminds me of the sculptor’s direct carving.
Seek the strongest color effect possible… the content is of no importance.
In modern art, it is undoubtedly to Cézanne that I owe the most.
The first painting of Matisse acquired by a public collection was Still Life with Geraniums (1910), exhibited in the Pinakothek der Moderne.
His The Plum Blossoms (1948) was purchased on 8 September 2005 for the Museum of Modern Art by Henry Kravis and the new president of the museum, Marie-Josée Drouin. Estimated price was US$25 million. Previously, it had not been seen by the public since 1970. In 2002, a Matisse sculpture, Reclining Nude I (Dawn), sold for US$9.2 million, a record for a sculpture by the artist.
Matisse’s daughter Marguerite often aided Matisse scholars with insights about his working methods and his works. She died in 1982 while compiling a catalogue of her father’s work.
Matisse’s son Pierre Matisse (1900–1989) opened a modern art gallery in New York City during the 1930s. The Pierre Matisse Gallery, which was active from 1931 until 1989, represented and exhibited many European artists and a few Americans and Canadians in New York often for the first time. He exhibited Joan Miró, Marc Chagall, Alberto Giacometti, Jean Dubuffet, André Derain, Yves Tanguy, Le Corbusier, Paul Delvaux, Wifredo Lam, Jean-Paul Riopelle, Balthus, Leonora Carrington, Zao Wou Ki, Sam Francis, sculptors Theodore Roszak, Raymond Mason, and Reg Butler, and several other important artists, including the work of Henri Matisse.
Henri Matisse’s grandson Paul Matisse is an artist and inventor living in Massachusetts. Matisse’s great-granddaughter Sophie Matisse is active as an artist. Les Heritiers Matisse functions as his official Estate. The U.S. copyright representative for Les Heritiers Matisse is the Artists Rights Society.